Biotech companies create products that benefit humans, such as drugs and treatments that can save lives, increase yields in agriculture, and produce eco-friendly chemicals and fuels. Bioinformatics also is a part of the industry as the study of biological processes and information. It is utilized in a variety of industries.

Biotech has its roots in the early 1970s when the technology of recombinant-DNA (genetic engineering) was developed and patent. This technique allows scientists to create production cells which then begin to produce proteins that are valuable.

Biotechnology is a major component of the programs for target discovery at most pharmaceutical companies today. The industry also includes small startups that use exclusive techniques to create therapeutic drugs.

Companies that concentrate on agrobiology cosmetics, the environment and food industry, nutraceuticals and industrial biotechnology, along with veterinary medicine, are also pursuing other biotechnology applications. Fully integrated Pharma companies are huge commercial companies that research and produce, as well as sell generic or brand-name drugs and medicines.

Biotech is undergoing a transformation because of the advancement of technologies. Companies can now validate their systems for conditions that have understood mechanisms, such as sickle cell anemia, and can reach greater patient populations. Certain companies are working to create new treatments for conditions that haven’t been addressed, such as Duchenne muscle dystrophy.

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